Typography is a vital part of graphic design. Graphic design is everywhere. It's the cover of your book, it's the meme your friends are laughing at, it's the label on your dad's daily socks. Without graphics, your dad might not be able to decide which sock to wear on Tuesdays! Thanks to to graphics, and especially to typography, your dad can not only find socks that go with his fluffy pajamas, but also match the day with the aptly labelled socks.
Type is another way of describing the words you're reading. More so, it also describes the font, or appearance. For example, my favorite font is Times New Roman. Most known for its role in essay building, Times New Roman is a classic serif font. Its simplistic design makes it desirable for both serif and sans serif fans. Although I'm sure its thanks to brainwashing from countless hours of essay writing, Times New Roman has always been a favorite of mine. The features as I describe them are some of the features designers look into when choosing a font.
These days, typography is even more important in the media. Since photos have become the main source of information/messaging, designers are more careful than ever to make sure they choose relevant, clear, and relatable fonts to reach their desired audience. Clarity is key.
Have I got it? Not yet! But I did fudge around with the notion of typography. Have a look: